Chinese Lantern Festival: origins and traditions

Updated: 14 Feb 2014
Share this news?...Click box   Bookmark and Share

The Lantern Festival is an important part of the Spring Festival. It marks the end of the new year's celebration.
   
Today is the Chinese Lantern Festival. It falls on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month. This is the first day of the lunar new year with a full moon which symbolizes unity and perfection. The Lantern Festival is an important part of the Spring Festival. It marks the end of the new year's celebration.

Chinese people celebrate the festival by displaying lanterns and eating tangyuan, dumpling balls made of sticky rice flour.

There are many different stories about the origin of the Lantern Festival. Many of them have something to do with religious worship.

One legend has it that the festival was a time to worship Taiyi, the God of Heaven in ancient times. The God of Heaven controlled the destiny of the human world. He had 16 dragons at his beck and call and made decisions about when to inflict droughts, storms, famines or pestilence on earth.

Since the reign of Qinshihuang, the first emperor to unite China some 2,200 years ago, emperors held grand ceremonies each year to worship Taiyi. One hundred years later, Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty paid even greater attention to the event. In 104 B.C., he proclaimed it one of the most important festivals in China.

Legend has it that 2,100 years ago, there was a maid named Yuanxiao in the imperial palace of Emperor Wudi. She was not allowed to take a holiday to see her parents at home on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month. Yuanxiao was distraught and said she'd rather die than not be able to go home.

To help Yuanxiao fulfill her filial duty to visit her parents, the great scholar Dongfang Shuo came up with an idea. He told Emperor Wudi that Taiyi, the highest god in heaven, had ordered the God of Fire to burn down the capital city of Chang'an on the sixteenth day of the first lunar month. Emperor Wudi was eager to find a way to save his city. Dongfang Shuo replied that the God of Fire loved red lanterns more than anything else. He advised that the streets be filled with red lanterns, and the emperor, the royal family and all the court officials would be on the streets to watch the lantern displays. Fascinated by the lanterns, the Fire God would not implement the plan so that the disaster could be avoided.

The emperor followed Dongfang's advice. While everyone was out viewing the lanterns, Yuanxiao was able to sneak out of the royal palace and be reunited with her family.

There is another legend concerning the origin of Lantern Festival.

Once upon a time, a celestial swan came down from heaven to the mortal world where it was shot down by a hunter. The Jade Emperor, the highest god in heaven, vowed to avenge the swan's murder. The Jade Emperor started making plans to send a troop of celestial soldiers to earth on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month. He ordered all humans and animals on earth be burned.

His decision caught the attention of many other celestial beings who disagreed with this course of action. They risked their lives to warn people on earth about the disaster.

As a result, around the fifteenth day of the first month, every family hung red lanterns outside their doors and set off firecrackers and fireworks to make it seem as though their homes were already on fire. By successfully tricking the Jade Emperor in this manner, humanity was saved from extermination.

Historians discovered that later after Buddhism was introduced to China from India in the first century, the emperors held the Lantern Festivals to honor Buddha, adding yet another level of significance to the festival.
History books recorded that in the Sui Dynasty in the sixth century, Emperor Yangdi invited envoys from other countries to China to see lantern displays and enjoy gala performances.

By the beginning of the Tang Dynasty in the seventh century, Lantern Festival celebrations lasted three days. A nighttime curfew was lifted during the festival for people to enjoy the lanterns after dark. Many classic poems written during the Tang Dynasty describe the festival.

In the following Song Dynasty, the Lantern Festival was celebrated for five days in the capital city, and the tradition began spreading to many other big cities in China.

In the Ming and Qing dynasties more than 100 years ago, lanterns became fancier with some made of colored glass and even jade, and finely engraved with folktale figures and flowers patterns.

But the largest Lantern Festival celebration took place in the early part of the 15th century in Beijing. The festivities continued for 10 days. Emperor Chengzu of the Ming Dynasty designated a large part of the downtown area for displaying lanterns. This part of the downtown area is the present-day Dengshikou, meaning lantern market.

Today, lantern shows are a major part of Chinese Spring Festival celebrations and held around the country.
In Chengdu in southwest China's Sichuan Province, for example, a lantern show is held each year in the Cultural Park. This year's show kicked off before Chinese New Year's Day and runs until March 10th. In an ocean of lanterns, many new designs attract visitors from home and abroad. The most eye-catching lantern is in the shape of a dragon, which spirals up a 27-meter-high pole, spewing fireworks from its mouth.

Besides entertainment and beautiful lanterns, another important part of the Lantern Festival is eating "tangyuan," or small dumpling balls made of sticky rice flour.

The custom of eating tangyuan originated during the Eastern Jin Dynasty in the fourth century and became popular about 1,000 years ago.

The fillings are either sweet or salty. Sweet fillings are made of sugar, walnuts, sesame, osmanthus flowers, rose petals and bean paste. A single ingredient or any combination can be used as the filling. The salty variety is filled with minced meat, vegetables or a mixture.

The way to make tangyuan also varies between northern and southern China. The traditional way followed in southern China is to shape the dough of rice flour into balls, make a hole, insert the filling, then close the hole and smooth out the dumpling by rolling it between your hands. In North China, sweet and non-meat fillings are the most common ingredients. The fillings are pressed into hardened cores, dipped lightly in water and rolled in a flat basket containing dry sticky rice flour. A layer of the flour sticks to the filling, which is then again dipped in water and rolled a second time in the rice flour. And so it goes, like rolling a snowball, until the dumpling is the desired size.

The custom of eating tangyuan remains popular today. But instead of making the food at home, people nowadays buy them in stores. Tangyuan manufacturers continue to improve the taste of the dumplings to attract customers. 
 
SOURCE: WON Team
Share this news?...Click box   Bookmark and Share
Comments Area ( Total Comments: 4 )
rboutlet1 Commented on 12 Apr 2017
http://www.nfljerseys.us/ NFL Jerseys

http://www.yeezyboost350.us.com/ Yeezy Boost 350 V2

http://www.longchampbags.us.com/ Longchamp Handbags

http://www.adidas-uk.org.uk/ Adidas UK

http://www.yeezys.org/ Yeezys

http://www.nike-stores.fr/ Nike Store

http://www.underarmouroutlet.us.com/ Under Armour Outlet

http://www.timberlanduk.org.uk/ Timberland Boots

http://www.jordan12.us/ Jordan 12

http://www.yeezy-shoes.us.com/ Yeezy Shoes

http://www.nikehuarache.us/ nike huarache

http://www.kedsshoesforwomen.com/ Keds Shoes For Women

http://www.yeezy.com.co/ Yeezy Shoes

http://www.nikeairmax.us/ Nike Air Max 2017

http://www.outlettoms.us/ Toms Outlet

http://www.ultraboostuncaged.us/ Ultra Boost

http://www.mlb-jerseys.us/ MLB Jerseys

http://www.adidas-nmds.com/ Adidas NMD

http://www.oakleyoutlet.net.co/ Oakley Outlet

http://www.rayban-canada.ca/ Ray Ban

http://www.katespadeoutlets.us/ Kate Spade Outlet

http://www.adidas-outlet.org/ Adidas Outlet

http://www.nikeairmax-90.com/ Nike Air Max 90

http://www.timberland-outlet.us/ Timberland Outlet

http://www.rayban-sunglasses.ca/ Ray-Ban Sunglasses

http://www.adidas-nmd.org.uk/ Adidas UK

http://www.adidaseqt.com/ Adidas EQT

http://www.ralphlaurens.org.uk/ Ralph Lauren UK

http://www.jordan4.us/ Jordan 4

http://www.cheapjordan-shoes.com/ Cheap Jordan

http://www.adidasnmdoutlet.com/ NMD Outlet
gap99 Commented on 21 Dec 2016
http://mobil.com/


http://goo.gl/XmHARh1


<a href="http://bit.ly/1tPCwen1">mobil2</a>

<a href="http://bit.ly/1tPCwen1"><font color="red"><b>mobil3</b></font></a>
[url="http://bit.ly/1pkl8ji1"][b]mobil4[/b][/url]

[url=http://bit.ly/1pkl8ji1]mobil5[/url]


<a rel="external" href="http://bit.ly/1pkl8ji1">mobil6</a>
gap99 Commented on 21 Dec 2016
http://goo.gl/XmHARh1


<a href="http://bit.ly/1tPCwen1">mobil2</a>

<a href="http://bit.ly/1tPCwen1"><font color="red"><b>mobil3</b></font></a>
[url="http://bit.ly/1pkl8ji1"][b]mobil4[/b][/url]

[url=http://bit.ly/1pkl8ji1]mobil5[/url]
baozhenwei Commented on 11 Aug 2016
<a href="http://www.poloralphlaurenoutlet.org.uk"><strong>polo ralph lauren</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.christianlouboutinshoes.us.org"><strong>christian louboutin outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachfactoryoutletstoreonline.com"><strong>coach outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorsoutletclearance.net.co"><strong>michael kors outlet clearance</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorsoutlet.net.co"><strong>michael kors outlet clearance</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.pandoracharmsuk.org.uk"><strong>pandora charms</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cheapjordans.com.co"><strong>cheap jordans</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.pandoracharms.com.co"><strong>pandora charms</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.airforce1-nike.fr"><strong>air force 1</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.jimmychoo.in.net"><strong>jimmy choo outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.canadagoosejackets.me.uk"><strong>canada goose jackets</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuittonoutletonlines.us.com"><strong>louis vuitton handbags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuittonhandbagsuk.me.uk"><strong>louis vuitton handbags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.airjordan-uk.org.uk"><strong>air jordans</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.bottegaveneta.in.net"><strong>bottega veneta handbags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.burberry-outlet.name"><strong>burberry sale</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachoutletonlinecoachfactoryoutlet.us.com"><strong>coach outlet online</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.chaussure-louboutin.fr"><strong>chaussure louboutin</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorsoutletonlineclearance.us.com"><strong>michael kors outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cheapjordanshoes.us.com"><strong>cheap jordans</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.katespadehandbags.org.uk"><strong>kate spade handbags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorshandbags-outlet.us.org"><strong>michael kors handbags outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.toryburchoutlet.org"><strong>tory burch outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.armani-exchange.us"><strong>armani exchange</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.adidasnmd.org.uk"><strong>adidas nmd</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.jordan-femmepascher.fr"><strong>jordan pas cher</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nikefreeflyknit.name"><strong>nike free flyknit</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.fitflopssaleclearance.net"><strong>fitflops sale clearance</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nikehuarache.com.co"><strong>nike huarache white</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.fitflop.org.uk"><strong>fitflop</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.lacosteshoes.us"><strong>lacoste outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.rolexdaytona.in.net"><strong>rolex submariner</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.instylermax.in.net"><strong>instyler max</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorsoutletclearance.com.co"><strong>michael kors outlet clearance</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.lacosteshoes.us"><strong>lacoste shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkors-outlet.us.org"><strong>michael kors outlet clearance</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.truereligionjeans.me.uk"><strong>true religion</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.uggs--canada.ca"><strong>uggs</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.truereligionjeansoutlet.name"><strong>true religion outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.prada-sunglasses.us.com"><strong>prada sunglasses</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.reebokshoes.in.net"><strong>reebok shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkors-outlet.us.com"><strong>michael kors outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.buyredbottomcheapshoesonline.com"><strong>buy red bottoms</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.vansshoes.in.net"><strong>vans shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachfactoryoutlet-online.com.co"><strong>coach factory outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.adidas-nmd.us.com"><strong>adidas nmd</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.lebronjamesshoes.org"><strong>lebron james sneakers</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.sac-longchamppliage.fr"><strong>sac longchamp pliage</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.poloralphlaurenmen.name"><strong>ralph lauren outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorsoutlet-online.us.org"><strong>michael kors outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.fitflops.us"><strong>fitflops</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.rolex-replicawatches.com.co"><strong>rolex replica watches</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.edhardy-outlet.name"><strong>ed hardy outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.designerhandbags.net.co"><strong>designer handbags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.uggscanada.ca"><strong>ugg boots canada</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.katespade-outlet.us"><strong>kate spade outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.tomsoutletstores.in.net"><strong>toms outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.tiffanyandcojewelry.org.uk"><strong>tiffany and co jewelry</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.christianlouboutin.us.org"><strong>christian louboutin</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.burberry-outlet-canada.ca"><strong>burberry outlet online</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ralphlauren.us.org"><strong>ralph lauren outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.uggs-outlet.com"><strong>uggs outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.thenorthfaceoutlet.com.co"><strong>the north face</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachoutletstoreonline.com.co"><strong>coach outlet online</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachfactoryonlineoutlet.com.co"><strong>coach outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.supraforsale.in.net"><strong>supra shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.guccioutlets.us.org"><strong>gucci outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.conversetrainer.co.uk"><strong>converse trainers</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuittonoutlet.ca"><strong>louis vuitton outlet online</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.omegawatches.name"><strong>omega watches</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachfactoryoutlet-online.com.co"><strong>coach outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.oakley--sunglasses.us.org"><strong>discount oakley sunglasses</strong></a>
<a href="http://canadagoose.outletsale.us.com"><strong>canada goose outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.christianlouboutinoutletsale.org"><strong>christian louboutin shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ralphlaurenoutletuk.me.uk"><strong>ralph lauren</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachfactoryoutletsaleonline.us.com"><strong>coach outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.tomsshoes.us.com"><strong>toms shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cheapuggsale.in.net"><strong>cheap uggs</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.hollistersaleuk.me.uk"><strong>hollister sale</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.omegawatches.name"><strong>omega replica watches</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.katespadehandbags.net.co"><strong>kate spade handbags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuitton-sac-pascher.fr "><strong>louis vuitton pas cher</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.raybanssunglasses.us.org"><strong>ray ban sunglasses</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachoutletstoreonline.com.co"><strong>coach outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.airmax.org.uk"><strong>nike air max</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.truereligionjeansoutlet.name"><strong>true religion jeans</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.uggs-outlet.com"><strong>ugg boots</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuittonoutlets-lv.com"><strong>louis vuitton factory outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.designerhandbags.net.co"><strong>designer bags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.birkenstocksandals.org.uk"><strong>birkenstock sandals</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coach-outletonlines.us.com"><strong>coach outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.oakley.nom.co"><strong>oakley sunglasses</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkors-outlet.ca"><strong>michael kors outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.valentino.in.net"><strong>valentino shoes on sale</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.buyredbottomcheapshoesonline.com"><strong>red bottom shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cheapjordans.com.co"><strong>cheap jordan shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkors-outlet.us.com"><strong>michael kors outlet store</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuittonoutletonline.us.org"><strong>louis vuitton outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ralphlaurenoutlet-online.com"><strong>ralph lauren outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.poloralphlauren.net.co"><strong>polo ralph lauren</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.versaceshoes.in.net"><strong>versace shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.airmax.org.uk"><strong>cheap nike air max</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nikefreeflyknit.org.uk"><strong>nike free flyknit</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.chaussurelouboutin-pascher.fr"><strong>louboutin pas cher</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.burberryoutlet.cc"><strong>burberry sale</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.longchamp.org.uk"><strong>longchamp uk</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuittonhandbagsuk.me.uk"><strong>louis vuitton bags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.pandoracharmsuk.org.uk"><strong>pandora uk</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorsoutlet-onlines.us.com"><strong>michael kors outlet online</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.underarmourshoes.cc"><strong>under armour outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuittonfactoryoutlet.us.com"><strong>louis vuitton factory</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.rolexwatchesuk.me.uk"><strong>rolex watches</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.airjordan-uk.org.uk"><strong>air jordan uk</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.poloralph-lauren.uk"><strong>polo ralph lauren</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.moncleroutlet.in.net"><strong>moncler jackets</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.airmax90.org"><strong>air max 90</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.asicsshoes.in.net"><strong>asics shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.burberry-outlet.name"><strong>burberry outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cheapmlbjerseys.us"><strong>mlb jerseys</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.uggaustralia.us.com"><strong>ugg australia</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nikecortez.com.co"><strong>nike cortez</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuittonoutletonlines.us.com"><strong>louis vuitton outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.conversetrainer.co.uk"><strong>converse uk</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.katespadehandbags.org.uk"><strong>kate spade</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorsoutletonline.com.co"><strong>michael kors outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorsoutlet-online.us.org"><strong>michael kors outlet clearance</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.adidassuperstar.co.uk"><strong>adidas superstars</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.poloralph-lauren.uk"><strong>ralph lauren outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorsoutletonlineclearance.us.com"><strong>michael kors outlet clearance</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.yeezyboost.us.com"><strong>yeezy boost 350 balck</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ralphlauren.us.org"><strong>polo ralph lauren</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.pandoracharmssaleclearance.com"><strong>pandora charms</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.raybans.us.com"><strong>ray bans</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ralphlaurenoutlet-online.com"><strong>ralph lauren outlet online</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.uggbootsonsales.org"><strong>ugg boots sale</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.versace-sunglasses.us.com"><strong>versace sunglasses</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachoutletstoreonlineclearances.in.net"><strong>coach outlet store online</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nikefreerun.name"><strong>nike free run black</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.hollisterclothing.org"><strong>hollister clothing</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorsbags.me.uk"><strong>michael kors bags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.pandorajewelryoutlet.org"><strong>pandora outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.lebronjamesshoes.org"><strong>lebron james shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorshandbagsuk.me.uk"><strong>michael kors handbags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cheap-nbajerseys.us.com"><strong>cheap nba jerseys</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ralphlaurenoutlet.us.org"><strong>ralph lauren outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachfactoryonlineoutlet.com.co"><strong>coach factory outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.adidas-trainers.me.uk"><strong>adidas trainers</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkors-outlet.us.org"><strong>michael kors outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.adidas-nmd.us.com"><strong>adidas nmd r1</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.truereligionoutlet.com.co"><strong>true religion</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.uggboots.org"><strong>ugg boots</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.raybanssunglasses.us.org"><strong>ray ban sunglasses discount</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.birkenstocksandals.org.uk"><strong>birkenstock</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.abercrombieandfitchoutlet.name"><strong>abercrombie and fitch</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.bottegaveneta.in.net"><strong>bottega veneta outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.canadagoosejackets.me.uk"><strong>canada goose</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nikeairforce1.org.uk"><strong>nike air force white</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.stephencurryshoes.net"><strong>stephen curry shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.raybansunglassesdiscount.us.com"><strong>ray ban sunglasses discount</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.raybansunglassesdiscount.us.com"><strong>discount ray ban sunglasses</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.pandorajewelryoutlet.name"><strong>pandora jewelry</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.gucci-borse.it"><strong>gucci borse</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.moncler-outlet.us.com"><strong>moncler outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ferragamoshoes.cc"><strong>cheap ferragamo shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.reebokclassic.me.uk"><strong>reebok uk</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachfactoryoutletsaleonline.us.com"><strong>coach outlet online</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.kobeshoes.name"><strong>kobe 9</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.canadagoosejackets.uk"><strong>canada goose jackets</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorswatches.co.uk"><strong>michael kors watches</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.canadagoosejackets.cc"><strong>canada goose jackets</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.new-balanceoutlet.us"><strong>new balance outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michael-kors-outlet.ca"><strong>michael kors outlet online</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.toms.in.net"><strong>toms</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ghdflatiron.com"><strong>ghd flat iron</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coach-outletonlines.us.com"><strong>coach outlet store</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.timberlandbootsuk.org.uk"><strong>timberlands</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.oakley.nom.co"><strong>cheap oakley sunglasses</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.longchamp.org.uk"><strong>longchamp</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachpursesoutlet.in.net"><strong>coach outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nike-tn-pascher.fr"><strong>nike tn</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nikefreeflyknit.org.uk"><strong>nike free flyknit 4.0</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.christianlouboutin.us.org"><strong>christian louboutin outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.kobeshoes.name"><strong>kobe shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.adidas-shoes.me.uk"><strong>adidas shoes uk</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachoutlets.us.org"><strong>coach factory outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.dolceandgabbanaoutlet.com"><strong>dolce and gabbana outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.yeezyboost350.me.uk"><strong>yeezy boost 350</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.moncleroutlet.in.net"><strong>moncler outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.pandoracharmssaleclearance.com"><strong>pandora outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.skechersshoes.us"><strong>skechers shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuittonoutlet.ca"><strong>louis vuitton outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.underarmourshoes.cc"><strong>under armour shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.timberlandbootsoutlet.name"><strong>timberland boots</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.canadagooseoutlet.ca"><strong>canada goose outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.birkenstocks.name"><strong>birkenstocks</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.adadasstansmith.com"><strong>adidas stan smith</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.uggs.us.org"><strong>uggs</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.uggbootsonsales.org"><strong>ugg outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cheap-jordans.us"><strong>cheap jordans</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.hollisterclothing.org"><strong>hollister co</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuittonfactoryoutlet.us.com"><strong>louis vuitton factory outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ugg-outletboots.in.net"><strong>ugg boots</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ferragamoshoes.cc"><strong>ferragamo shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.jimmychoo.in.net"><strong>jimmy choo shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nikehuarache.com.co"><strong>nike huarache trainers</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.edhardyukclothing.me.uk"><strong>ed hardy uk</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.true-religionjeans.net.co"><strong>true religion outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.christianlouboutinoutlet.us"><strong>louboutin outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkors-handbags.us.org"><strong>michael kors bags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachfactoryoutletstoreonline.com"><strong>coach outlet store</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.monclerjackets.org.uk"><strong>moncler jackets</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.levisjeans.name"><strong>levis jeans</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.oakleysvaultoutletstore.org"><strong>oakley vault sunglasses</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.adadassupercolor.com"><strong>adidas supercolor</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cheap-jerseyswholesale.us"><strong>cheap jerseys wholesale</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coach-outlets.us.com"><strong>coach factory outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorspurses.in.net"><strong>michael kors handbags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.christianlouboutinoutletsale.org"><strong>christian louboutin sale</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.thenorthfaceoutlet.com.co"><strong>north face jackets</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.rolexdaytona.in.net"><strong>rolex watches</strong></a>
<a href="http://christianlouboutin.outletsale.us.com"><strong>christian louboutin outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.christianlouboutinoutlet.us"><strong>christian louboutin outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorsoutlet-onlines.us.com"><strong>michael kors outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.saclongchamp-solde.fr"><strong>sac longchamp</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nikecortez.com.co"><strong>nike cortez red</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.timberlandbootsoutlet.name"><strong>timberland outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nikeairforce1.org.uk"><strong>nike air force 1</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorspurses.in.net"><strong>michael kors purses</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.christianlouboutinshoes.org.uk"><strong>louboutin uk</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.yeezyboost-350.us.com"><strong>yeezy boost</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.chiflatiron.in.net"><strong>chi flat iron</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.hermesbelt.in.net"><strong>hermes belt</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.hugobossoutlet.name"><strong>hugo boss outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.canadagoose.us.com"><strong>canada goose</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ghdflatiron.com"><strong>ghd hair straighteners</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorsoutlet.net.co"><strong>michael kors outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.thenorthface.org.uk"><strong>the north face</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.uggsale.us"><strong>uggs sale</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.armani-exchange.us"><strong>armani watches</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.birkenstocksandals.us.com"><strong>birkenstock sheos</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.adadassuperstar.com"><strong>adidas superstar</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nike-airmax90.me.uk"><strong>nike air max</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.truereligionoutlet.com.co"><strong>true religion outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ralphlauren-outlet.com.co"><strong>ralph lauren outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cheapmlbjerseys.us"><strong>cheap mlb jerseys</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.montblancoutletpens.com"><strong>mont blanc pens</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.poloralphlaurenmen.name"><strong>polo ralph lauren</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachoutletonlinecoachfactoryoutlet.us.com"><strong>coach outlet online coach factory outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nikestoreuk.me.uk"><strong>nike store</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.adidasnmd.us.org"><strong>adidas nmd</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachoutlets.us.org"><strong>coach outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.niketrainers.com.co"><strong>nike trainers</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coach-outletonline.eu.com"><strong>coach factory outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.burberry-outlet-canada.ca"><strong>burberry outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.thenorthface.org.uk"><strong>north face jackets</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.burberryoutlet.cc"><strong>burberry outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.discountoakleysunglasses.us.org"><strong>oakley sunglasses</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.fitflops.in.net"><strong>fitflops</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.uggscanada.ca"><strong>uggs</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cheapbasketballshoes.us"><strong>basketball shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.discountoakleysunglasses.us.org"><strong>oakley sunglasses outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coach-outletonline.us.org"><strong>coach outlet online</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.truereligionjeans.me.uk"><strong>true religion jeans</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.canada-goose-jackets.ca"><strong>canada goose jackets</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ralphlaurenoutletuk.me.uk"><strong>ralph lauren outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.fitflop.org.uk"><strong>fitflop shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.canadagoosejacketsoutlet.name"><strong>canada goose jackets</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.poloralphlaurenoutletonlines.us.com"><strong>polo ralph lauren outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.fitflopssaleclearance.net"><strong>fitflops clearance</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorshandbagsoutlet.in.net"><strong>michael kors handbags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cartierwatches.cc"><strong>cartier love bracelet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.rolexwatchesuk.me.uk"><strong>rolex watches for sale</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.yeezyboost-350.us.com"><strong>yeezy boost 350</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.canada-goose-jackets.ca"><strong>canada goose parka</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coach-outlets.us.com"><strong>coach outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.christianlouboutinshoes.us.org"><strong>christian louboutin</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.canadagooseuk.org.uk"><strong>canada goose jackets</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coach-outletonline.eu.com"><strong>coach outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.raybans.in.net"><strong>ray ban outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.adidasgazelle.me.uk"><strong>adidas gazelle</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuittonoutletonline.us.org"><strong>louis vuitton factory outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nikefreeflyknit.name"><strong>nike free flyknit 4.0</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.reebokclassic.me.uk"><strong>reebok</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuitton-borse.it"><strong>louis vuitton borse</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coach-outletonline.us.org"><strong>coach outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nikefreerun.name"><strong>nike free run</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.airmax90.org"><strong>air max 2016</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cartierwatches.cc"><strong>cartier watches</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.discountnikeshoessc.org"><strong>discount nike shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.christianlouboutinshoes.org.uk"><strong>christian louboutin shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.poloralphlaurenoutletonlines.us.com"><strong>polo outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.timberlandbootsuk.org.uk"><strong>timberland boots</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.airmaxoutletsaleus.com"><strong>nike air max</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.longchampbags.uk"><strong>longchamp bags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nfl-jerseys-wholesale.us.com"><strong>nfl jerseys wholesale</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.hollisterclothingstore.com.co"><strong>hollister clothing</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.oakleyvault.name"><strong>oakley vault</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.poloralphlaurenoutlet.org.uk"><strong>polo ralph lauren outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.longchampbag.co.uk"><strong>longchamp handbag</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.birkenstocksandals.us.com"><strong>birkenstock sandals</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.longchampoutletstore.com"><strong>longchamp outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.canadagooseoutlet.ca"><strong>canada goose outlet online</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.yeezyboost.us.com"><strong>yeezy boost 350</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.adidaspureboost.us"><strong>adidas pure boost</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.discountnikeshoessc.org"><strong>cheap nike shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkors-handbags.uk"><strong>michael kors handbags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.pradaoutlet.name"><strong>prada outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.supraforsale.in.net"><strong>supra for sale</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.pradaoutlet.org"><strong>prada outlet store</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.christianlouboutinshoesoutlet.com"><strong>christian louboutin shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.oakley--sunglasses.us.org"><strong>oakley sunglasses</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.ralph-lauren-pas-cher.fr"><strong>ralph lauren pas cher</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.canadagoose.us.com"><strong>canada goose outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.poloralphlauren.net.co"><strong>polo outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.converseshoes.in.net"><strong>converse shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://ugg.outletsale.us.com"><strong>ugg outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.tiffanyandcojewelry.org.uk"><strong>tiffany and co</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michael-korsoutlet.ca"><strong>michael kors outlet online</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.birkenstocks.name"><strong>birkenstock sandals</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louboutin.eu.com"><strong>louboutin</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nike-blazerlow.fr"><strong>nike blazer</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.raybans.org.uk"><strong>ray bans</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.tiffanyjewelryoutlet.name"><strong>tiffany and co jewelry</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.converseshoes.in.net"><strong>converse sneakers</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkors-outlet.ca"><strong>michael kors outlet online</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.abercrombieandfitchoutlet.name"><strong>abercrombie and fitch outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cheapjordans-shoes.us.com"><strong>jordan shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.uggs--canada.ca"><strong>ugg boots canada</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.montblancoutletpens.com"><strong>mont blanc outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michael-kors-outlet.ca"><strong>michael kors outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.tiffanyandco.name"><strong>tiffany and co</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.asicsshoes.in.net"><strong>asics outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louisvuittonoutlets-lv.com"><strong>louis vuitton outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.oakleysvaultoutletstore.org"><strong>oakley vault</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.puma-shoes.in.net"><strong>puma shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.airmaxoutletsaleus.com"><strong>nike air max sale</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.uggs.us.org"><strong>ugg outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.eccoshoes.us"><strong>ecco shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cheapjordans-shoes.us.com"><strong>cheap jordans</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkors-handbags.us.org"><strong>michael kors handbags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.raybans.in.net"><strong>ray ban sunglasses</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.true-religionjeans.net.co"><strong>true religion jeans</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.kate-spadeoutlet.in.net"><strong>kate spade outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michaelkorshandbagsuk.me.uk"><strong>michael kors bags</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.tiffanyjewelryoutlet.name"><strong>tiffany jewelry</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachpursesoutlet.in.net"><strong>coach purses</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.michael-korsoutlet.ca"><strong>michael kors outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.reebokshoes.in.net"><strong>reebok pump</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.valentino.in.net"><strong>valentino shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.fitflopssaleclearance.com"><strong>fitflops</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.babylisspro.in.net"><strong>babyliss pro</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.cheapnhljerseyswholesale.us"><strong>cheap nhl jerseys</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.coachoutletstoreonlineclearances.in.net"><strong>coach outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.nike-airmax90.me.uk"><strong>nike air max shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.mizunorunningshoes.in.net"><strong>mizuno running shoes</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.raybans.in.net"><strong>ray bans</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.rolexreplicawatches.name"><strong>rolex replica watches</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.adidasnmd.us.org"><strong>adidas nmd runner</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.moncleroutletjackets.us"><strong>moncler outlet</strong></a>
<a href="http://www.louboutin.eu.com"><strong>christian louboutin</strong></a>
zhenwei20160811